Sir Charles Villiers Stanford was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1852, and died in London in 1924. He was a composer, conductor and a teacher, with many famous pupils. He was born before Ireland became the Republic of Eire, when it was still a part of Great Britain and Ireland.  So his reputation has suffered somewhat simply because he was too British for the Irish, and too Irish for the British.

He was famous in his day for a huge output of sacred choral music, in particular, hymns and anthems. He wrote two Irish Rhapsodies for Orchestra, a Violin Concerto, and two suites of song settings, about the sea and ships.

He studied in Dublin and London and became Organ Scholar at Queen's, Cambridge, but moved to Trinity on graduation. He also studied in Germany, in Leipzig and Berlin. In 1877 he became Professor of Music at Cambridge. He was also Professor of composition at the Royal College of Music. In 1902 he was knighted, and died two years later, to be buried beside Purcell in Westminster Abbey.