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Tchaikovsky Return to List of Composers
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born in Russia in 1840. This composer belonged to the Romantic period, and died in 1893. Peter Tchaikovsky

Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky was a romantic composer noted for his expressive melodies and rich orchestrations. He is the first well-known Russian composer. His music has always been loved by the concert-going public for its beauty, and stirring emotions.

Tchaikovsky was born in Votkinsk, near the Urals, the son of a Russian mining engineer and a delicate French epileptic mother. He trained initially as a lawyer in St Petersburg, but disliked life in the Civil Service, and at the age of 22 he enrolled in the Music Conservatory at St Petersburg. He was encouraged and influenced by pianist Nikolay Rubenstein.

He was torn in life between a desire for normality, and his homosexual nature. This is reflected in his music, swinging from melancholy to exuberant optimism.

Famous compositions include Romeo & Juliet and 1812 Overtures, the Pathetique (6th) Symphony and his 5th Symphony, his magnificent Piano Concerto in Bb minor, his Violin Concerto,3 ballet scores (Swan Lake, Nutcracker, and Sleeping Beauty).

Works written by Tchaikovsky      
Audio is available for 69 tunes by this composer.
No.Name of WorkCategoryEnsembleSoloInstrument
1 Capriccio Italien Op 45Tone PoemOrchestra 
2 Eugin OneginOperaOrchestra 
3 Festival Overture 1812OvertureOrchestraFrench Horn
4 Hamlet Fantasy Overture Op 67OvertureOrchestra 
5 Marche SlaveMarchOrchestra 
6 None but the Lonely Heart Op 6 No.6SongOrchestra 
7 Nutcracker Suite, from the BalletBallet MusicOrchestraCelesta
8 Piano Concerto No.1 in Bb minorConcertoOrchestraPiano
9 Romeo and Juliet - Fantasy OvertureOvertureOrchestra 
10 Serenade for Strings in C Op 48Chamber MusicOrchestraStrings
11 Sleeping Beauty - BalletBallet MusicOrchestra 
12 Song Without Words Opus 40 No.6Short PieceSoloPiano
13 String Quartet No.1 in D Major Op.11Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
14 Swan Lake BalletBallet MusicOrchestra 
15 Symphony No.1 in G minor "Winter Daydreams"SymphonyOrchestra 
16 Symphony No.2 in C minor "Little Russian" Op 17SymphonyOrchestra 
17 Symphony No.3 in D Op29 "Polish"SymphonyOrchestra 
18 Symphony No.4 in F minor Op 36SymphonyOrchestra 
19 Symphony No.5 in E minor Op 64SymphonyOrchestra 
20 Symphony No.6 in B Minor - PathetiqueSymphonyOrchestra 
21 Tempest - Fantasy Overture in F minor Op 18OvertureOrchestra 
22 Violin Concerto in D Op 35ConcertoOrchestraViolin
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