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Beethoven Torna alla lista dei compositori
Ludwig Van Beethoven was born in Germany in 1770. This composer belonged to the Classical period, and died in 1827. Ludwig Van Beethoven

Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827) was born in Bonn of Flemish descent. His earliest musical training was with his father, who was a singer and a hard man whose decline into alcoholism made Ludwig the virtual head of the family during his teenage years.

In 1787 at the age of 16, he briefly met Mozart in Vienna.  He had travelled there from Bonn with the express intention of taking lessons from the famous master. However, he had only been there two or three weeks when he heard that his mother was seriously ill, so he returned to Bonn. Some sources claim that he had a few lessons from Mozart at this time,  but there no evidence backed up by any correspondence, so this is most likely to be untrue.  Neither the Oxford Companion to Music,  nor the Harpers Dictionary of Music, asserts this claim, but here is a quote from the New Grove Dictionary of Music:-   "In the spring of 1787 Beethoven visited Vienna. In the absence of documents much remains uncertain about the precise aims of the journey and the extent to which they were realized; but there seems little doubt that he met Mozart and perhaps had a few lessons from him." (Kerman)

A year after Mozart's death, in 1790, he moved to Vienna permanently. He studied with Haydn and Salieri, and he became familiar with Mozart's works. In Vienna, which at this time was the most important musical city in Europe, Beethoven rapidly established himself as a virtuoso pianist. His pianistic supremacy was rarely challenged. He was admired for his amazing powers of improvisation.

 He contributed much to the development of the symphony and other musical forms. He was the first of the great freelancers, in that he did not have paid positions under the patronage of a rich nobleman as did his predecessors Mozart and Bach. He did have some noble patrons, but he was never an employee. These include Count Waldstein in Bonn, to whom some music is dedicated, and Prince Lichnowsky. In 1808 Archduke Rudolph started paying him regularly, but as a patron, not as an employer.

Beethoven started to have hearing difficulties in 1797, at the age of only 27. This made it increasingly difficult to continue as a pianist, and he finally stopped playing publicly in 1815.  During his later years he was stone-death, and this put him often into a state of  near-suicidal depression.  However he kept going impelled by his own creativity as a composer. He wrote "it seemed to me impossible to leave the world until I had brought forth all that I felt was within me'.  His deafness made him behave with eccentricity and wildness.

Following on from Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven's style was classical. However, he started to create the romantic style with the Eroica symphony, and this became strongly evident with his 6th Symphony, 'The Pastoral'.

Opere scritto da Beethoven      
Audio è disponibile per 128 melodie da questo compoitore.

Name of WorkOpusCategoryEnsembleSoloInstrument
Bagatelles (six) - Op 126Op 126Short PieceSoloPiano
Coriolan Overture Opus 62Op 62OvertureOrchestra 
Egmont Overture Op 84Op 84OvertureOrchestraCello
Fidelio Overture Op 72bOp 72bOvertureOrchestraFrench Horn
Für Elise Short PieceSoloPiano
Leonora Overture No.3 Op 72aOp 72aOvertureOrchestra 
Minuet in G (Beethoven) Short PieceSoloPiano
Piano Concerto No.1 in C, Op 15Op 15ConcertoOrchestraPiano
Piano Concerto No.2 in Bb, Op 19Op 19ConcertoOrchestraPiano
Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op 37Op 37ConcertoOrchestraPiano
Piano Concerto No.4 in G, Op 58Op 58ConcertoOrchestraPiano
Piano Concerto No.5 in Eb Op 73 'Emperor'.Op 73ConcertoOrchestraPiano
Piano Sonata No.01 in F minor Op 2 No.1 SonataSoloPiano
Piano Sonata No.02 in A, Op.2, No.2 SonataSoloPiano
Piano Sonata No.08 in C minor Op 13 "Pathetique"Op 13SonataSoloPiano
Piano Sonata No.14 in C# minor - MoonlightOp 27 No 2SonataSoloPiano
Piano Sonata No.19 in G minor Op 49 No.1Op 49 No 1SonataSoloPiano
Piano Sonata No.20 in G Opus 49 No.2Op 49 No 2SonataSoloPiano
Piano Trio in Bb Op 11 for piano, clarinet and cello.Op 11Chamber MusicTrioPiano
Piano Trio No.7 in Bb ArchdukeOp 97Chamber MusicTrioPiano
Prometheus Overture Op 43Op 43OvertureOrchestraOboe
Rondo for Violin and Piano in G major, WoO 41 Short PieceDuetViolin
String Quartet in C Op59 No.3 "Rasoumowsky"Op 59 No 3Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet in Eb Op 127Op 127Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet in F major Op 18 No.1Op 18 No 1Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet in G major Op 18 No.2Op 18 No 2Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
String Quartet No.8 in E minor Op 59 No 2 "Rasoumovsky"Op 59 No 2Chamber MusicString QuartetViolin
Symphony No.1 in C, Op 21Op 21SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.2 in D, Op 36Op 36SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.3 in Eb "Eroica"Op 55SymphonyOrchestraFrench Horn
Symphony No.4 in Bb Op 60Op 60SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op 67 "Fate"Op 67SymphonyOrchestraFrench Horn
Symphony No.6 in F, Op 68 (Pastoral)Op 68SymphonyOrchestraViolin
Symphony No.7 in A Op 92Op 92SymphonyOrchestraOboe
Symphony No.8 in F Op 93Op 93SymphonyOrchestra 
Symphony No.9 in D minor Op 125 'Choral'Op 125SymphonyOrchestraChoirVoices
Violin Concerto in DOp 61ConcertoOrchestraViolin
Violin Romance No.1 in G major Op 40Op 40Short PieceOrchestraViolin
Violin Romance No.2 in F Op 50Op 50ConcertoOrchestraViolin
Violin Sonata No.2 in A major Op 12 No.2Op 12 No 2SonataDuetViolin
Violin Sonata No.5 in F Op 24 "Spring"Op 24SonataDuetViolin
Violin Sonata No.8 in G Op 30 no 3 SonataDuetViolin
Violin Sonata No.9 in A "Kreutzer", Op 47Op 47SonataDuetViolin
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