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Rome (Roma) is the capital of Italy, whose area is 301,245 square kilometres, and its population is 57,369,000 people.

Italy is a natural geographic unit bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on three sides and the Alps to the north. Politically it was united under the ancient Roman Empire, then for centuries it was a divided collection of separate city-states, many dominated by foreign powers. It was eventually re-united in the  Risorgimento of the 1860s with Cavour in the north and Garibaldi in the south.

Plainsong was the only form of church music in the early Middle Ages, and this was passed on by oral tradition  Pope Gregory is reputed to have imposed order and discipline to the plainsong, and so it is now usually called Gregorian Chant. The beginnings of musical notation as we know it today were documented by Guido D'Arezzo around 995 AD.

Italy became an important centre for European music in the renaissance of the 16th century, Palestrina and Allegri being pre-eminent in church music, Monteverdi in opera. In the baroque, Vivaldi, Corelli, Scarlatti are renowned composers. Opera dominated Italian musical culture in the classical and romantic periods, so many talented composers and instrument-makers sought their fortunes in other parts of Europe. Clementi went to London, Boccherini went to Madrid.

Rossini, Verdi and Puccini are pre-eminent in the field of Italian 19th century opera, and Respighi broke with Italian traditions and wrote richly orchestrated instrumental music, greatly influenced by the French Impressionist Debussy.

Melodie provenienti da Italy. Audio è disponibile per 86 melodie da questo paese.
Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
AdagioAlbinoniShort PieceOther Ensembles
Ave MariaCherubiniSacredOther Ensembles
Barber of Seville, OperaRossiniOperaOrchestra
Cello Concerto in BbBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
Cello Concerto in DBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
Cenerentola (Cinderella)RossiniOperaOrchestra
Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves from NabuccoVerdiOperaChoir
Concerto for Oboe and StringsCorelliConcertoOrchestra
Concerto Grosso in G minor Op 6 No.8CorelliConcertoOrchestra
Dance of the Hours, from La GiocondaPonchielliBallet MusicOrchestra
Flute Quartet in DBoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
Fountains of Rome - the Fountain of Valle Giulia at DawnRespighiTone PoemOrchestra
Gianni SchicchiPucciniOperaOrchestra
GigueScarlattiShort PieceSolo
Gigue, from 9th SonataCorelliSonataSolo
Gigue, from 9th Sonata for violin cello and keyboardCorelliSonataDuet
Gloria in excelsis Deo from Gloria in D RV 589VivaldiSacredOrchestra
Hodie Beata VirgoPalestrinaSacredChoir
Intermezzo from Cavalleria RusticanaMascagniShort PieceOrchestra
Jewels of the MadonnaWolf-FerrariOperaOrchestra
La BohemePucciniOperaOrchestra
La Boutique Fantasque Ballet(arr. Respighi)RossiniBallet MusicOrchestra
La danza - Tarentella Napolitana (piano transcription by Liszt)RossiniShort PieceSolo
La Donna è Mobile from RigolettoVerdiOperaOrchestra
La Gazza Ladra (The Thieving Magpie) Overture to the operaRossiniOvertureOrchestra
La TraviataVerdiOperaOrchestra
Laudamus TeVivaldiSacredChoir
L'Elisir d"AmoreDonizettiOperaOrchestra
Madame ButterflyPucciniOperaOrchestra
Miserere - have Mercy upon me - Psalm 51AllegriSacredChoir
Motet - Sicut CervusPalestrinaSacredChoir
PastoraleScarlattiShort PieceSolo
Pines of RomeRespighiTone PoemOrchestra
Quando Quando - sambaVariousPopular SongsPops Orchestra
Semiramide, Overture to the operaRossiniOvertureOrchestra
Sonata for 2 violins and keyboardMariniSonataTrio
Sonata in C, L.104, K.159ScarlattiSonataSolo
Sonatina, Op.36, No.1 in CClementiSonataSolo
String Quartet No.1 in EbCherubiniChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quintet in E Op 13 No.5BoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
Such Beauty, My Beloved (Ogni Belta).PalestrinaSongChoir
The Four SeasonsVivaldiConcertoOrchestra
The Italian Girl in Algiers, Overture to the opera.RossiniOvertureOrchestra
TiritombaVariousFolk SongDuet
Toccata in AParadiesShort PieceSolo
William Tell, Overture to the operaRossiniOvertureOrchestra
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