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Viola          Rückkehr in die Liste der Instrumente   
Viola

The viola is the alto or tenor instrument of the violin family.  It is bigger than a violin, and lower-pitched, but otherwise it looks similar.  The strings are tuned to C (below middle C), G, D, A which are all one fifth lower than the corresponding strings on a violin.   Though its lowest notes are fairly low, they do not have a lot of power, as the viola has a  small body, unlike its bass cousin, the cello. Its tone is somewhat rougher than the violin's, and it has not been used as a solo instrument to any significant extent.

However, there are a few important works written for the viola. Berlioz wrote his tone poem "Harold in Italy" for viola and orchestra, and Mozart wrote his "Sinfonia Concertante" for violin and viola with orchestra.

In the orchestra, the violas form a vital section of the strings, as they contribute the "tenor" part to the harmony. In string quartets, where there are two violins, one viola, and one cello, the viola becomes a lot more prominent.  Here, its unique tone colour is easily distinguishable from the sweeter but more strident tone of the two violins.

 


Musik mit Viola. Audio ist für 221 Melodien fur dieser Instrument verfügbar.
  
Name of WorkCategoryComposer
All Through the NightFolk SongVarious
Angels from the Realms of GlorySacredVarious
Barbara AllenFolk SongVarious
Divertimento in Bb K 137Chamber MusicMozart
Divertimento in D K136Chamber MusicMozart
Divertimento in F K138Chamber MusicMozart
Harold in Italy Op 18ConcertoBerlioz
Hey Diddle DiddleNursery RhymesVarious
Il était une BergèreFolk SongVarious
Interlude No 1 in F for String QuartetChamber MusicGomersall
Interlude No 2 in C for String QuartetChamber MusicGomersall
Mary Mary Quite Contrary, How does your Garden Grow?Nursery RhymesVarious
Minuet from Divertimento K334Chamber MusicMozart
Piano Quartet No.1 in D major, Op 23Chamber MusicDvořák
Piano Trio in Eb "Kegelstadt" K498Chamber MusicMozart
Roman Carnival OvertureOvertureBerlioz
Rumanian melody Op 83 No.5 (from 6 pieces for trio)Chamber MusicBruch
Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - string quartetChamber MusicMozart
Silent NightSacredVarious
Sinfonia Concertante for violin and violaConcertoMozart
String Quartet in C Op59 No.3 "Rasoumowsky"Chamber MusicBeethoven
String Quartet in D minor D810 'Death and the Maiden'Chamber MusicSchubert
String Quartet in Eb Op 127Chamber MusicBeethoven
String Quartet in F major Op 18 No.1Chamber MusicBeethoven
String Quartet in F, Op 96 "The American".Chamber MusicDvořák
String Quartet in G major Op 18 No.2Chamber MusicBeethoven
String Quartet No. 3 in G K156Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.1 in D Major Op.11Chamber MusicTchaikovsky
String Quartet No.13 in A minor Op 29 'Rosamunde'Chamber MusicSchubert
String Quartet No.14 in G major, K387Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.15 in D minor K421Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.16 in Eb K428Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.17 in Bb K 458 "The Hunt"Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.18 in A K464Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.19 in C K465 "Dissonant"Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.2 in AChamber MusicBorodin
String Quartet No.20 in D major K499 'Hoffmeister'.Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.21 in D major K575Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.22 in Bb major K589Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.23 in F major K590Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.8 in E minor Op 59 No 2 "Rasoumovsky"Chamber MusicBeethoven
String Quartet Op 1 No.1 "La Chasse" - 'The Hunt' - JagquartettChamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 1 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 1 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 1 No.4Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 1 No.5Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 1 No.6Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 2 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 2 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 3 No.5 "Serenade"Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 9 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 9 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 9 No.4Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 20 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 20 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 20 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 54 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 54 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 54 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 64 No.5 "The Lark"Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 76 No.2 "Fifths"Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 76 No.3 EmperorChamber MusicHaydn
String Quintet in C D956 Op 163Chamber MusicSchubert
String Quintet in E Op 13 No.5Chamber MusicBoccherini
Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op 67 "Fate"SymphonyBeethoven
The Old Woman and the PedlarChamber MusicGomersall
Viola Concerto, 2nd Movt - AndantinoConcertoHill
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