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Sonata in C, L.104, K.159 Scarlatti Help Opus Details
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The Sonata in C, L. 104 is one of the most frequently performed of Scarlatti's sonatas. It has a Spanish influence, using the spirit of Spanish popular dance forms and is similar in style to a Spanish jota. Domenico Scarlatti (1685-1657) wrote over 500 pieces for the harpsichord. Most of these pieces were adapted from the individual dances of the suite. He published only 30 of these pieces in 1738 in a portfolio called Exercises for Harpsichord (Essercizi per Gravicembalo). The one movement pieces each have the title of Sonata. They were conceived not as mere technical exercises, but real Etudes, in the sense of Chopin's works of the same name. Although he was Italian born, his harpsichord works were mainly composed in Spain, where Scarlatti spent the latter part of his life under the patronage of Queen Maria Barbara. Each sonata is in one movement with two optionally repeated sections. They often have a single theme but sometimes two or three, and these melodies are concise, clear and strikingly elegant. They often display the Spanish influence, not in the lively dance spirit, but also in the use of note repetition, a characteristic of Spanish guitar music. He imitates the strumming of a guitar with broken chords. He also likes to set his basic melody against a steady rhythm, echoing the tune around the keyboard. Scarlatti also likes to have the melody thrown around in imitation between the two hands. He makes the hands cross and, although he doesn't use a lot of melodic ornaments, has a special love for trills. Today, these sonatas appear as piano solos, although they truly are conceived for the sound of a harpsichord.
Category: Sonata Solo Featuring Piano Baroque Period
Time Signature 6 /8 Key Signature   C Major Play MP3 using player below.

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