England forms a part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (U.K.) The Union Jack flag at left is the UK flag. The population of UK as a whole was 58,649,000 (in 2000), and its area is 244,082 sq.Kms.
In the renaissance, Tallis and Byrd were actively writing sacred music and madrigals. Thomas Morley re-invented the Italian madrigal and set the trend for English madrigals. In the baroque, Purcell is pre-eminent.
During the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries, England, especially London, attracted composers and musicians from all over Europe and the musical world. It had industrious music publishing houses, enthusiastic (paying) concert audiences, and huge numbers of keen amateur musicians eager to snap up any new music they could get their hands on. Handel, from Germany, was one of the earliest immigrants, followed by Clementi from Italy, and Cramer from Germany.
England produced several native-born composers of international renown in the 19th century, notably Elgar, Holst. Sullivan and Delius.