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Violin          Rückkehr in die Liste der Instrumente   

The violin is the most important instrument in the orchestra, as well as being a fabulous solo instrument. Two violins form half of a string quartet, with the addition of a viola and a cello.

The violin is an extremely expressive instrument with a brilliant tone, in the hands of a competent player.

The 4 strings from lowest to highest, are tuned at intervals one fifth apart, namely G below middle C, D above middle C, A above middle C, and the E one and a bit octaves above middle C. The range is from the G below middle C (the lowest open string), which is G3 in MIDI notation, up to E7 in MIDI notation, which is the E above the C three octaves above middle C. This is an outstandingly wide range, with a high note way above the highest in most other orchestral instruments.

The violin is generally played with a bow, in the player's right hand, with the violin tucked under the chin, and the player's left hand holds the neck, with the four fingers stopping the 4 strings to create the desired pitch for each note. By continuously gliding the bow back and forth over the string, a violinist can sustain a note as long as he wants.  Alternatively, the strings may be plucked, as with a guitar, producing a short staccato sound called "pizzicato".

The modern orchestra typically uses about 32 violins (some as firsts, some as seconds), which is far more than any other instrument. The sound of massed violins playing in precise synchrony is incredibly beautiful, and quite different from the sound of a single solo violin. The MIDI system tries to achieve the effect of a mass of violins (perhaps with violas and cellos)  by using the Strings sound.


Musik mit Violin. Audio ist für 399 Melodien fur dieser Instrument verfügbar.
Name of WorkCategoryComposer
AdagioShort PieceAlbinoni
Air on the G String, from Suite No.3 in DSuiteBach
All Through the NightFolk SongVarious
Angels from the Realms of GlorySacredVarious
Barbara AllenFolk SongVarious
Blow the Man DownFolk SongVarious
Botany BayFolk SongVarious
Canon in D major for three Violins and Continuo Chamber MusicPachelbel
Canon on Ravenscroft's PsalterSacredTallis
Chanson de MatinShort PieceElgar
Charlie is my DarlingFolk SongVarious
Click go the ShearsFolk SongHill
Concerto Grosso in G minor Op 6 No.8ConcertoCorelli
Concerto in A minor for violin and cello Op 102ConcertoBrahms
Divertimento in Bb KV240Chamber MusicMozart
Divertimento in Bb K 137Chamber MusicMozart
Divertimento in D K136Chamber MusicMozart
Divertimento in Eb K252 (piano trio)Chamber MusicMozart
Divertimento in F K138Chamber MusicMozart
Double Concerto for two violins and orchestra BWV 1043ConcertoBach
Dumky Trio Movements 1 and 2.Chamber MusicDvořák
Fairest Isle from King ArthurSongPurcell
Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas TallisTone PoemVaughan-Williams
Flute Quartet in D K285Chamber MusicMozart
Gigue from Overture for 2 Chalumeaux, 2 violettas and BassoChamber MusicTelemann
Hey Diddle DiddleNursery RhymesVarious
Home on the RangeSongVarious
Il était une BergèreFolk SongVarious
Interlude No 1 in F for String QuartetChamber MusicGomersall
Interlude No 2 in C for String QuartetChamber MusicGomersall
Interlude no.1 in F for Chamber OrchestraChamber MusicGomersall
Introduction et AllegroChamber MusicRavel
It Came Upon a Midnight ClearSacredVarious
Jeux d'Enfants - Suite for Orchestra, Op 22SuiteBizet
Jewel Song from FaustOperaGounod
Keel RowFolk SongVarious
LiebesfreudChamber MusicKreisler
LiebesliedChamber MusicKreisler
Lullaby. (Cradle Song,Wiegenlied)SongBrahms
Mary Mary Quite Contrary, How does your Garden Grow?Nursery RhymesVarious
Meditation from ThaisShort PieceMassenet
Memory from 'Cats'.Popular SongsLloyd-Webber
Minuet from Divertimento K334Chamber MusicMozart
Music for the Royal FireworksSuiteHandel
O Little Town of BethlehemSacredVarious
Oak and the AshFolk SongVarious
Oboe Quartet in F K 370Chamber MusicMozart
Piano Quartet in G minor K478Chamber MusicMozart
Piano Quintet in A D667 'Trout'Chamber MusicSchubert
Piano Trio in Bb Op 99 for piano violin and celloChamber MusicSchubert
Piano Trio in Bb K502Chamber MusicMozart
Piano Trio in C K548Chamber MusicMozart
Piano Trio in DChamber MusicGomersall
Piano Trio in E K542Chamber MusicMozart
Piano Trio in Eb Op 100 No.2Chamber MusicSchubert
Piano Trio in F Hob XVChamber MusicHaydn
Piano Trio in G K496Chamber MusicMozart
Piano Trio in G K564Chamber MusicMozart
Piano Trio No.1 in B major Opus 8Chamber MusicBrahms
Piano Trio No.2 in C major Op 87Chamber MusicBrahms
Piano Trio No.7 in Bb ArchdukeChamber MusicBeethoven
Polly OliverFolk SongVarious
Poor Old JoeFolk SongFoster
Romance for violin and orchestra, Op 11Short PieceDvořák
Rondeau in D minorShort PiecePurcell
Rondo for Violin and Piano in G major, WoO 41Short PieceBeethoven
Salut d'Amour Op 12Short PieceElgar
Schon RosmarinChamber MusicKreisler
Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - arr. for violin and pianoChamber MusicMozart
Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - string quartetChamber MusicMozart
Silent NightSacredVarious
Sinfonia Concertante for violin and violaConcertoMozart
Slumber Song (Schlummerlied) No.16 from Album Leaves Op 124Chamber MusicSchumann
Sonata for 2 violins and keyboardSonataMarini
Sonatina in A minor Op 137 No.2SonataSchubert
Sonatina in D Op 137 No.1SonataSchubert
Sonatina in G minor Op 137 No.3SonataSchubert
Song of India from SadkoShort PieceRimsky-Korsakov
South WindFolk SongVarious
St. Valentine's DayShort PieceVarious
String Quartet in C Op59 No.3 "Rasoumowsky"Chamber MusicBeethoven
String Quartet in D minor D810 'Death and the Maiden'Chamber MusicSchubert
String Quartet in Eb Op 127Chamber MusicBeethoven
String Quartet in F major Op 18 No.1Chamber MusicBeethoven
String Quartet in F, Op 96 "The American".Chamber MusicDvořák
String Quartet in G major Op 18 No.2Chamber MusicBeethoven
String Quartet No. 3 in G K156Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.1 in D Major Op.11Chamber MusicTchaikovsky
String Quartet No.13 in A minor Op 29 'Rosamunde'Chamber MusicSchubert
String Quartet No.14 in G major, K387Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.15 in D minor K421Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.16 in Eb K428Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.17 in Bb K 458 "The Hunt"Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.18 in A K464Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.19 in C K465 "Dissonant"Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.2 in AChamber MusicBorodin
String Quartet No.20 in D major K499 'Hoffmeister'.Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.21 in D major K575Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.22 in Bb major K589Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.23 in F major K590Chamber MusicMozart
String Quartet No.8 in E minor Op 59 No 2 "Rasoumovsky"Chamber MusicBeethoven
String Quartet Op 1 No.1 "La Chasse" - 'The Hunt' - JagquartettChamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 1 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 1 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 1 No.4Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 1 No.5Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 1 No.6Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 2 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 2 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 3 No.5 "Serenade"Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 9 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 9 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 9 No.4Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 20 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 20 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 20 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 54 No.1Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 54 No.2Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 54 No.3Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 64 No.5 "The Lark"Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 76 No.2 "Fifths"Chamber MusicHaydn
String Quartet Op 76 No.3 EmperorChamber MusicHaydn
String Quintet in C D956 Op 163Chamber MusicSchubert
String Quintet in E Op 13 No.5Chamber MusicBoccherini
Symphony No.6 in F, Op 68 (Pastoral)SymphonyBeethoven
The Dashing White SergeantFolk SongVarious
The Four SeasonsConcertoVivaldi
The Girl I left Behind Me.Folk SongVarious
The Lark AscendingTone PoemVaughan-Williams
The Old Woman and the PedlarChamber MusicGomersall
Violin Concerto in A minor BMV 1041ConcertoBach
Violin Concerto in B minor Op 61ConcertoElgar
Violin Concerto in DConcertoBeethoven
Violin Concerto in D minor, Op 47ConcertoSibelius
Violin Concerto in D Op 35ConcertoTchaikovsky
Violin Concerto in D Op 77ConcertoBrahms
Violin Concerto in E minorConcertoMendelssohn
Violin Concerto No.1 in G minorConcertoBruch
Violin Concerto No.3 in G K216ConcertoMozart
Violin Concerto No.4 in D K218ConcertoMozart
Violin Concerto No.5 in A "Turkish" K219ConcertoMozart
Violin Romance No.1 in G major Op 40Short PieceBeethoven
Violin Romance No.2 in F Op 50ConcertoBeethoven
Violin Sonata in D, K29SonataMozart
Violin Sonata No.2 in A major Op 12 No.2SonataBeethoven
Violin Sonata No.5 in F Op 24 "Spring"SonataBeethoven
Violin Sonata No.8 in G Op 30 no 3SonataBeethoven
Violin Sonata No.9 in A "Kreutzer", Op 47SonataBeethoven
Wild Colonial BoyFolk SongVarious
Wraggle Taggle Gypsies OhFolk SongVarious
Ye Banks and Braes of Bonny DoonFolk SongVarious
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