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Baroque Period Zurück zur Liste der Perioden   
The Baroque period lasted from 1600 to 1750 approximately.

In the worlds of art and architecture, Baroque means flamboyant, colourful and elaborately decorated.  The picture at left is of the baroque Versailles palace, used by king Louis XIV of France to listen to music by his baroque court composers. 

This term is also used to describe western European music written in the architectural "Baroque" period, roughly 1600-1750. Music written in this period was flamboyant, colourful and elaborately decorated when compared to earlier renaissance and mediaeval styles.

In the early part of the baroque period, music started to become more oriented to chords. Composers thought 'vertically', in addition to 'horizontally'. Previously, the chords formed almost accidentally as the result of intertwining independent melodic lines. The chords were not usually written out in full. Instead, the bass line was written out, and chord notation was written below the staff. This was called basso continuo, or figured bass. The bass line was often played on a cello, and the chords on a harpsichord.

In the later part of the baroque period, composers resumed giving great importance to the horizontal motion of intertwining melodies. This is called counterpoint.  Bach and Handel are the masters of counterpoint.

The two most famous composers of this period are Bach and Handel, but the period also covers Purcell, Corelli, and Vivaldi amongst others.

Melodien aus der Baroque Zeit stammen. Audio ist für 133 Melodien in dieser Periode verfügbar.
Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
AdagioAlbinoniShort PieceOther Ensembles
Air on the G String, from Suite No.3 in DBachSuiteWind Chamber Groups
Aria from Goldberg Variations BWV 988BachVariationsSolo
Arrival of the Queen of Sheba - from SolomonHandelShort PieceOrchestra
Art of the Fugue BWV 1080BachShort PieceSolo
Brandenburg Concerto No.1BachConcertoOrchestra
Brandenburg Concerto No.2 in FBachConcertoOrchestra
Brandenburg Concerto No.3 in G, BMV 1048BachConcertoOrchestra
Brandenburg Concerto No.5 in DBachConcertoOrchestra
Canon in D major for three Violins and Continuo PachelbelChamber MusicOther Ensembles
Che Farò Senza Euridice from Orpheus and EuridiceGluckOperaOrchestra
Concerto for Oboe and StringsCorelliConcertoOrchestra
Concerto Grosso in G minor Op 6 No.8CorelliConcertoOrchestra
Dance of the Blessed Spirits - from Orpheus and EuridiceGluckBallet MusicOrchestra
Double Concerto for two violins and orchestra BWV 1043BachConcertoTrio
Fairest Isle from King ArthurPurcellSongDuet
GigueScarlattiShort PieceSolo
Gigue from Overture for 2 Chalumeaux, 2 violettas and BassoTelemannChamber MusicTrio
Gigue, from 9th SonataCorelliSonataSolo
Gigue, from 9th Sonata for violin cello and keyboardCorelliSonataDuet
Gloria in excelsis Deo from Gloria in D RV 589VivaldiSacredOrchestra
Harmonious Blacksmith (Air and 2 variations, from 5th harpsichord Suite)HandelShort PieceOrchestra
Jesu Joy of Man's desiringBachSacredOrchestra
Joy to the WorldHandelSacredSolo
Judas MaccabeusHandelOperaOrchestra
Laudamus TeVivaldiSacredChoir
Le rappel des oiseauxRameauShort PieceSolo
Les fifresDandrieuShort PieceSolo
Mass in B minor BWV 232BachSacredChoir
Minuet from Anna Magdalena's NotebookBachShort PieceSolo
Minuet from French Suite No.3, BWV 814BachSuiteSolo
Minuet from Keyboard Suit No.1 in GPurcellSuiteSolo
MusetteRameauShort PieceSolo
Music for the Royal FireworksHandelSuiteTrio
Nymphs and Shepherds, Come Away!PurcellSongDuet
O Jesu So MeekBachSacredChoir
O Lovely Peace (Anthem for two voices)HandelSongOther Ensembles
Ombra mai piu - Aria from Xerxes (Largo)HandelOperaSolo
Organ Chorale Wachet Auf - Sleepers awake! (Cantata 140, 4th movement)BachShort PieceOrchestra
Organ Concerto No.4HandelConcertoOrchestra
Organ Concerto No.6 in Bb Op 4 No.6HandelConcertoOrchestra
PastoraleScarlattiShort PieceSolo
Piano Concerto No.2 in D BWV 1054BachConcertoOrchestra
Prelude in C BWV846a from The Well-Tempered ClavierBachShort PieceSolo
Prelude in G minorBuxtehudeShort PieceSolo
Rondeau in D minorPurcellShort PieceSolo
Rule BritanniaArneSongOrchestra
Sonata for 2 violins and keyboardMariniSonataTrio
Sonata in C, L.104, K.159ScarlattiSonataSolo
Stocho Barocco - an Aeolian AmbleGomersallShort PieceOrchestra
Suite No.2 in B minor for flute and stringsBachSuiteOrchestra
TambourinRameauShort PieceSolo
The Four SeasonsVivaldiConcertoOrchestra
The Messiah. OratorioHandelSacredChoir
Three-Part Invention in BbBachShort PieceSolo
Three-Part Invention No.12 in ABachChamber MusicTrio
Toccata and Fugue in D minor BWV 565BachShort PieceSolo
Toccata in AParadiesShort PieceSolo
Trumpet Concerto in D majorPurcellConcertoOrchestra
Trumpet Concerto in D majorTelemannConcertoOrchestra
Trumpet Voluntary (Prince of Denmark's March)ClarkeMarchSolo
Two-Part Invention No.01 in CBachShort PieceSolo
Two-Part Invention No.02 in C minorBachShort PieceSolo
Two-Part Invention No.03 in DBachShort PieceSolo
Two-Part Invention No.04 in D minorBachShort PieceSolo
Two-Part Invention No.05 in EbBachShort PieceSolo
Two-Part Invention No.08 in FBachShort PieceSolo
Two-part Invention No.13 in A MinorBachShort PieceSolo
Two-Part Invention No.14 in BbBachShort PieceSolo
Violin Concerto in A minor BMV 1041BachConcertoOrchestra
Water MusicHandelSuiteOrchestra
Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.01 in CBachShort PieceSolo
Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.02 in C minorBachShort PieceSolo
Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.03 in C#BachShort PieceSolo
Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.05 in DBachShort PieceSolo
Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.07 in EbBachShort PieceSolo
Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.08 in Eb minorBachShort PieceSolo
Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.09 in EBachShort PieceSolo
Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.21 in BbBachShort PieceSolo
Well Tempered Clavier Book 1 - Prelude and Fugue No.22 in Bb minorBachShort PieceSolo
When Daisies PiedArneSongDuet
Where the bee sucks, there suck IArneSongDuet
While Shepherds Watched their Flocks by NightHandelSacredSolo
Zadok the PriestHandelSacredChoir
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