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Classical Period Torna alla lista dei periodi   
The Classical period lasted from 1751 to 1820 approximately.

The term Classical in the fields of art and architecture refers to the work of the ancient Greeks and Romans. This is characterized by bold, clear lines, symmetry and balance. Around 1700 the art world started to revive some aspects of ancient classical art, and so this was called 'neo-classical art'. In Washington DC, USA, the White House (illustrated at left) is an excellent example of neo-classical architecture. A little later, the music world embraced simplicity, boldness, symmetry and balance, and so the term classical was applied to music of this period also.

This style embodies elegance, balance, formality, restraint and clear structures, in contrast to the ornate and complex baroque style, or the freer expression of the later romantic period

Composers of the early classical period turned away from complex counterpoint, as employed by Johann Sebastian Bach. Instead they emphasized a principal melodic line, accompanied by simple chords.  Johann Bach's son, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714 - 1788) was an early exponent of this new style, sometimes called Style Gallant or Rococo.  Contrasts were provided by changes of theme, of key,  and of time signature.

As the classical style developed, strong contrasts were introduced in dynamics, with crescendos and diminuendos, and also contrasts in rhythmic patterns.  Symmetry was particularly exemplified by the classical forms which evolved in this period, such as the symphony, the string quartet, the concerto, and the sonata.  And in Mannheim was formed the first classical orchestra. Baroque orchestras contained mainly strings, with an oboe, a bassoon, and possibly a horn. The classical orchestra contained 4 distinct sections, strings, woodwind, brass, and percussion.

The principal exponents of the classical period are Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. Some writers include Schubert as a classic, others label him as a romantic.

Melodie provenienti dal periodo Classical . Audio è disponibile per 662 melodie di questo periodo.
Name of WorkComposerCategoryEnsemble
Abduction from the Seraglio - OvertureMozartOvertureOrchestra
Andantino, Piano Concerto No.9 (arr. Busoni)MozartShort PieceSolo
Ave MariaCherubiniSacredOther Ensembles
Ave Verum Corpus K618MozartSacredChoir
Bagatelles (six) - Op 126BeethovenShort PieceSolo
Bassoon Concerto K191MozartConcertoOrchestra
Blue SkiesGomersallWaltzOrchestra
Cello Concerto in BbBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
Cello Concerto in DBoccheriniConcertoOrchestra
Cello Concerto no 1 in C major Hob VIIb:1HaydnConcertoOrchestra
Cello Concerto no 2 in D major Op 101HaydnConcertoOrchestra
Clarinet Concerto in A K622MozartConcertoOrchestra
Clarinet Quintet in A K581 for clarinet and stringsMozartChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
Coriolan Overture Opus 62BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
Coronation March from Le Prophete (Opera)MeyerbeerMarchOrchestra
Divertimento in Bb KV240MozartChamber MusicTrio
Divertimento in Bb K 137MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
Divertimento in Bb major 'St Anthony Chorale'.HaydnChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
Divertimento in D K136MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
Divertimento in Eb K252 (piano trio)MozartChamber MusicTrio
Divertimento in F K138MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
Divertimento No.2 in D, K131. - MenuettoMozartChamber MusicOrchestra
Don GiovanniMozartOperaOrchestra
Egmont Overture Op 84BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
Fantasy in c, K. 475MozartShort PieceSolo
Fantasy in c, K.396MozartShort PieceSolo
Fantasy in d, K. 397MozartShort PieceSolo
Fidelio Overture Op 72bBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
Flute and Harp Concerto K299MozartConcertoOrchestra
Flute Concerto in D K 314 (also Oboe Concerto in C)MozartConcertoOrchestra
Flute Concerto in G K313MozartConcertoOrchestra
Flute Quartet in DBoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
Flute Quartet in D K285MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
Für EliseBeethovenShort PieceSolo
GavotteGossecShort PieceDuet
German Dances (Deutsche Tanze)HaydnWaltzOrchestra
Horn Concerto No.1 in D K412MozartConcertoOrchestra
Horn Concerto No.2 in Eb major K417MozartConcertoOrchestra
Horn Concerto No.3 in Eb K447MozartConcertoOrchestra
Horn Concerto No.4 in Eb major K495MozartConcertoOrchestra
Interlude No 2 in C for String QuartetGomersallChamber MusicString Quartet
Interlude no.1 in F for Chamber OrchestraGomersallChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
La Clemenza di TitoMozartOperaOrchestra
Le Nozze di FigaroMozartOperaOrchestra
Leonora Overture No.3 Op 72aBeethovenOvertureOrchestra
Lullaby (Sleep Little Prince)MozartShort PieceSolo
Magic Flute (Die Zauberflote)MozartOperaOrchestra
Magic Flute OvertureMozartOvertureOrchestra
Menuetto No.6 in D K355MozartShort PieceSolo
Miniature OvertureGomersallOvertureOrchestra
Minuet from Divertimento K334MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
Minuet in G (Beethoven)BeethovenShort PieceSolo
Minuet in G (written while only 7 years old)MozartShort PieceSolo
Oboe Concerto in C K314MozartConcertoOrchestra
Oboe Quartet in F K 370MozartChamber MusicOther Ensembles
Piano Concerto No.1 in C, Op 15BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.1 in F K37MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.11 in D majorHaydnConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.12 in A K414MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.14 in Eb K449MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.15 in Bb K450MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.2 in B K39MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.2 in Bb, Op 19BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.20 in D Minor K466MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.21 in C K467MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.22 in Eb K482MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.23 in A K488MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.24 in C minor K491MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.25 in C K503MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.26 in D K537MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.3 in C minor, Op 37BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.3 in D K40MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.4 in G K 41MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.4 in G, Op 58BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.5 in Eb Op 73 'Emperor'.BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.6 in Bb K238MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Concerto No.8 in C K 246MozartConcertoOrchestra
Piano Quartet in G minor K478MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
Piano Sonata No.01 in F minor Op 2 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
Piano Sonata No.02 in A, Op.2, No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
Piano Sonata No.08 in C minor Op 13 "Pathetique"BeethovenSonataSolo
Piano Sonata No.14 in C# minor - MoonlightBeethovenSonataSolo
Piano Sonata No.19 in G minor Op 49 No.1BeethovenSonataSolo
Piano Sonata No.20 in G Opus 49 No.2BeethovenSonataSolo
Piano Trio in Bb K502MozartChamber MusicTrio
Piano Trio in Bb Op 11 for piano, clarinet and cello.BeethovenChamber MusicTrio
Piano Trio in C K548MozartChamber MusicTrio
Piano Trio in E K542MozartChamber MusicTrio
Piano Trio in Eb "Kegelstadt" K498MozartChamber MusicTrio
Piano Trio in F Hob XVHaydnChamber MusicTrio
Piano Trio in G K496MozartChamber MusicTrio
Piano Trio in G K564MozartChamber MusicTrio
Piano Trio No.7 in Bb ArchdukeBeethovenChamber MusicTrio
Plaisir d'AmourMartiniSongOrchestra
Prometheus Overture Op 43BeethovenOvertureOrchestra
Quintet for piano and woodwinds, K452MozartChamber MusicWind Chamber Groups
Requiem: Confutatis & Lacrimosa (arr. Liszt)MozartSacredSolo
Romance from Clarinet Concerto No.3StamitzConcertoDuet
Romance, La Pazza Per AmoreDalayracShort PieceSolo
Rondo for Violin and Piano in G major, WoO 41BeethovenShort PieceDuet
Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - arr. for clarinet and piano.MozartChamber MusicDuet
Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - arr. for violin and pianoMozartChamber MusicDuet
Serenade in G K525 Eine Kleine Nachtmusik - string quartetMozartChamber MusicString Quartet
Sinfonia Concertante for violin and violaMozartConcertoOrchestra
Sinfonia Concertante in Eb for winds, K297bMozartConcertoOrchestra
Sonata in D (BH 37)HaydnSonataSolo
Sonata, K.279 in CMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.280 in F majorMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.281 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.282 in E-flatMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.283 in GMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.284 in DMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.309 in CMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.310 in A minorMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.311 in DMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.330 in CMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.331 in AMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.332 in F majorMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.333 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.457 in CMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.533 in FMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.545 in CMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.570 in B-flatMozartSonataSolo
Sonata, K.576 in DMozartSonataSolo
Sonatina in B-flat, Op.439b, No.4MozartSonataSolo
Sonatina in F, Op.439b, No.5MozartSonataSolo
Sonatina, Op.36, No.1 in CClementiSonataSolo
String Quartet in C Op59 No.3 "Rasoumowsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet in Eb Op 127BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet in F major Op 18 No.1BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet in G major Op 18 No.2BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No. 3 in G K156MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.1 in EbCherubiniChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.14 in G major, K387MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.15 in D minor K421MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.16 in Eb K428MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.17 in Bb K 458 "The Hunt"MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.18 in A K464MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.19 in C K465 "Dissonant"MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.20 in D major K499 'Hoffmeister'.MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.21 in D major K575MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.22 in Bb major K589MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.23 in F major K590MozartChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet No.8 in E minor Op 59 No 2 "Rasoumovsky"BeethovenChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 1 No.1 "La Chasse" - 'The Hunt' - JagquartettHaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 1 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 1 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 1 No.4HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 1 No.5HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 1 No.6HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 2 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 2 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 3 No.5 "Serenade"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 9 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 9 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 9 No.4HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 20 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 20 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 20 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 54 No.1HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 54 No.2HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 54 No.3HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 64 No.5 "The Lark"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 76 No.2 "Fifths"HaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quartet Op 76 No.3 EmperorHaydnChamber MusicString Quartet
String Quintet in E Op 13 No.5BoccheriniChamber MusicString Quartet
Symphony No. 6 in D 'Le Matin' Hob 1:6HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.1 in C, Op 21BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.100 in G "Military"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.101 in D "The Clock"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.104 in D "London"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.2 in D, Op 36BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.29 in A K201MozartSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.3 in Eb "Eroica"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.31 in D K297 'Paris'MozartSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.32 in G major K 318MozartSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.33 in Bb major K 319MozartSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.34 in C major K 338MozartSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.35 in D K385 "Haffner"MozartSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.36 in C major "Linz" K425MozartSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.38 in D major K 504 "Prague"MozartSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.39 in Eb K543MozartSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.4 in Bb Op 60BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.40 in G minor K550MozartSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.41 in C - Jupiter K551MozartSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.45 in F# minor "Farewell"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.48 in C "Maria Theresia"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.49 in F minor 'La Passione'HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.5 in C minor, Op 67 "Fate"BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.59 in A "Fire"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.6 in F, Op 68 (Pastoral)BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.7 in A Op 92BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.7 in C 'Le Midi' Hob 1:7HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.8 in F Op 93BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.8 in G 'Le Soir' Hob 1:8HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.88 in GHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.9 in D minor Op 125 'Choral'BeethovenSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.90 in C majorHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.92 in G OxfordHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.93 in DHaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.94 in G "The Surprise"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Symphony No.96 in D "Miracle"HaydnSymphonyOrchestra
Trumpet Concerto in EbHaydnConcertoOrchestra
Trumpet Concerto in Eb majorHummelConcertoOrchestra
Variations on "Ah, vous dirais-je, maman"MozartVariationsSolo
Violin Concerto in DBeethovenConcertoOrchestra
Violin Concerto No.3 in G K216MozartConcertoOrchestra
Violin Concerto No.4 in D K218MozartConcertoOrchestra
Violin Concerto No.5 in A "Turkish" K219MozartConcertoOrchestra
Violin Romance No.1 in G major Op 40BeethovenShort PieceOrchestra
Violin Romance No.2 in F Op 50BeethovenConcertoOrchestra
Violin Sonata in D, K29MozartSonataDuet
Violin Sonata No.2 in A major Op 12 No.2BeethovenSonataDuet
Violin Sonata No.5 in F Op 24 "Spring"BeethovenSonataDuet
Violin Sonata No.8 in G Op 30 no 3BeethovenSonataDuet
Violin Sonata No.9 in A "Kreutzer", Op 47BeethovenSonataDuet
Waltzes - from 36 Original Dances D365SchubertWaltzSolo
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